Tips: Giving a presentation

Always remember that you are giving an oral presentation; your audience is listening, not reading. So your manuscript should include keywords only. A handout and other visuals, e.g. transparencies or PowerPoint will be nice assets. Keep eye contact with your audience. Talk slowly and clearly. And finally, smile!

Useful words and phrases


Copyright: Getty Images

First impressions count, so let the audience see your best qualities. In particular, you should prepare your introduction carefully.

Opening:
- Good morning. The topic of our presentation is …
- Right, we’d like to talk to you today about …

Duration:
- This will take about 20 minutes
- We ought to have covered this in 20 minutes or so

Visuals:
- To illustrate our talk we’ve brought along some transparencies
- To help clarify things we’ve prepared this handout for you

Structure:
- We’ve divided our presentation into three parts. First, …
- During our talk we’ll be looking at three main topics …

Audience participation:
- If you have any questions, please feel free to interrupt
- We’ll be happy to answer questions at the end of the talk

It is important that your audience keeps track with your presentation. The following link phrases will help accomplish this. They are rather like traffic lights; they tell whether you are starting, stopping or continuing, turning right or left.

Starting:
- First of all, then …
- Let me begin by saying a few words on …

Finishing a point:
- That takes care of …
- So that, then, is …

Starting a new point:
- Let’s move on now to …
- The next point I’d like to make is …

Adding to your point:
- Moreover, …
- Related to this, …

Contrasting your point:
- However, …
- In contrast to this, …

Sidetracking:
- By the way, …
- Incidentally, …

Returning to your point:
- To come back to the issue of …
- Now, back to the central idea

Referring back:
- As I mentioned earlier, …
- If you remember, I said at the beginning that …

Referring forward:
- As we’ll see later, …
- Later, we’ll be looking at …

Introducing your last point:
- Finally, …
- That brings me to my last point, which is …

Summing up:
- What we’ve looked at today, then, is …
- To sum up, ...

Concluding:
- What all this suggests is…
- To conclude, …

Ending:
- Well, that’s all I had to say about …
- I think I’ve covered all the points I wanted to make
- Thank you for listening
- Thank you for your attention
- If you have any questions, I’ll be glad to try to answer them
- If there are any questions, I’ll do my best to answer them